Globally, there are five factors that affect the health and life expectancy of society, namely malnutrition, unsafe sex, alcohol, poor sanitation and hygiene, and high blood pressure. About 60 million deaths at a young age worldwide are caused by these five factors.
If these five factors can be overcome, death at a young age is not only preventable, but life expectancy will increase up to five years. Thus the report submitted by the World Health Organization (WHO).
If malnutrition becomes a major problem in developing countries, obesity, and overweight due to excess nutrition, it is a problem in most developed countries. According to WHO, more deaths are caused due to obesity than due to malnutrition.
“The world faces a big and almost the same problem in various countries in terms of health,” WHO wrote in the Global Health Risk report. There are 24 health risk factors mentioned in the report. If the problems are resolved, the quality of public health will increase.
“If the quality of health rises, people’s welfare will also increase,” the WHO noted. In the report also mentioned, there are several health problems associated with rich countries, such as smoking and obesity, apparently now also faced by poor and developing countries.
WHO noted, health risks are now in a transition period; community life expectancy increases due to the successful fight against infectious diseases, but at the same time new problems arise due to lack of physical activity, diet, alcohol consumption, and smoking.
In general, this world health agency ranks the risk of death from health factors, namely hypertension (13%), smoking (9%), high blood sugar (6%), lack of exercise (6%), and obesity or obesity (5% ) These factors raise the risk of developing chronic diseases and diseases that cause death, such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer.
Developing countries are still struggling with health problems caused by poverty, lack of nutrition, unsafe sex, lack of clean water and poor sanitation. At the same time, factors related to diet, such as cholesterol, obesity, and high blood pressure, increase the risk of more significant health problems.