Hearing the word worm, of course, our mind will imagine a long, boneless animal that lives in a dirty place. Of course, we also know the kinds of worms that live on the ground which are commonly used as bait or worms that live in water. Worms that live on the ground beside being able to be used as bait, also greatly help the farmer in loosening agricultural land.
Unfortunately, there is a brother of earthworms who are fond of living in the human intestine. Because worms are one of the living things that must eat to sustain their lives, then even in the stomach these worms will eat everything that can be eaten. It doesn’t matter whether the food is needed by those who have a stomach, as long as the worm can eat it. The worm’s cheating, if there is a lot of it, besides the one who eats, it follows too much, also mechanically it will clog the digestive tract. Increasing human suffering has a homestay worm in his stomach.
Worms in humans in infecting actually do not look at fur. As long as you can enter, it will enter the human body. The intermediaries are also various kinds, but the most often is food, especially food that is not good at hygienes in its presentation. Even though it infects humans, worms do not leave their original nature that is happy with dirty and humid environments, that is why worm infections are often found in dusty and humid communities. Not that people who always maintain cleanliness will be 100 percent worm-free because even though we are clean, we cannot avoid contact with other people who can carry worm eggs.
There are many types of worms in humans, there are roundworms, tapeworms, and flatworms. However, what we are discussing here is roundworms because the cases are mostly among existing worm infections. All right, now we discuss one:
1. Stomach Worms (Ascariasis)
Usually caused by the family of Askaris lumbricoides worms which are the worms that most often infect humans. Adult worms live in the upper human intestine and release their eggs in human feces. Infections in humans occur through food contaminated with feces containing worm eggs. Swallowed eggs will remove larvae. This larva will penetrate the intestinal wall into the bloodstream which eventually reaches the lungs and will be united out and swallowed back into the intestine. Complications that arise from this infection include anemia, bile duct obstruction, inflammation of the pancreas and appendicitis.
2. Pinworms (Enterobiasis)
Worms that play a role here are Enterobius vermicular which often occurs in young children. Adult worms will live in the large intestine. Female worms that will lay eggs leave the large intestine towards the anus which is the ideal laying place. This is when the child will cry because the anal canal is itchy. In plain view, this worm will be seen as significant as grated coconut around the anal canal. Transmission of this worm as well as stomach worms enter directly through the mouth either with food brokers or accidentally inserted by patients who have finished scratching the itchy anal canal. So that children often experience reinfection due to that action.
Most often caused by Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus. Adult worms live in the upper small intestine, while the eggs will be removed along with human excrement. The eggs will hatch into larvae outside the human body, which then enter the victim’s body through the skin of the soles of the feet that run barefoot. Larvae will walk in the body through the bloodstream which eventually arrives in the lungs and is then united and swallowed again. Symptoms include local allergic reactions or the whole body, anemia and abdominal pain.
4. Whipworm (Trichuriasis)
Adult worms will stay in the lower intestine and release their eggs outside the human body with dirt. The swallowed egg will then hatch in the small intestine and live to adulthood there. Symptoms that arise in whipworm sufferers include abdominal pain, diarrhea, and appendicitis.
Such is the position of the four large roundworms that often infect humans. Hopefully, none of them contract in our intestines or our families. The method of prevention is quite simple; that is, we have to maintain personal hygiene and the environment, especially in serving food. In buying food, we must ensure that food vendors pay attention to aspects of cleanliness in processing food.