Bruzzese.E and colleagues in showing that the addition of probiotics in infant formula milk can reduce the risk of gastrointestinal and respiratory infections in healthy infants at the age of 1 year. Researchers used data from 342 infants for 12 months. The probiotics used are a mixture of GOS (Galacto-oligosaccharides) and FOS (Fructo-oligosaccharides) with 0.4 g of probiotics per 100 mL of formula milk. For 12 months researchers conducted observations regarding the occurrence of digestive and respiratory infections.
Researchers found that gastroenteritis (digestive infection) occurs less frequently in the group given probiotics, only 0.12 events per baby for 12 months. Whereas in infants who did not get probiotics had 0.29 events. The number of babies who get prebiotics who also get upper respiratory infections is 17% lower than the number of babies who don’t get prebiotics that have respiratory infections.