Whatever the type, cancer is very dangerous. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) data, in women cancer is the second biggest killer after a heart disorder. However, now there is good news for women about preventing cancer. Immunization has been found that can prevent cervical cancer (cervix).
Causes of cervical cancer (cervix)
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus that is directly related to the vagina. The Human Papilloma Virus causes cervical cancer (HPV). As one of the reproductive organs, the location of the cervix is most exposed to the outside world. Various factors are considered as cofactors (factors that accompany) the occurrence of cervical cancer, including multiparity, smoking, hormonal contraception, sexual intercourse diseases, and nutritional factors. Currently, in developed countries, cervical cancer has experienced a decline thanks to the program of early detection through pap smears. The method has succeeded in reducing the mortality rate to 50%.
During this time in the medical world, vaccination is considered the most effective way to prevent the incubation of viruses in the human body, including the human papillomavirus (HPV), the virus that causes cancer of the cervix (cervix). Just as immunization has been known. In the body vaccinations given by injection will form the immune system and defense against the entry of the HPV virus into the cervix. Thus, the HPV virus will not be able to enter especially grow and enlarge in the body
When is it right to do it?
HPV immunization will be given to women aged 12-14 years, through injections three times in a row on the arm every two months and repeated once more ten years later. The ease with which vaccines are given and the high success rates are the hallmarks of prevention of this method.
Unfortunately, prevention through vaccination has a disadvantage in terms of costs because it is relatively expensive. This is because recombinant technology used to produce vaccines is a costly molecular biology technology. The HPV vaccine can work effectively in the body of women of all ages, but with a note that the woman has never been exposed or infected by HPV.
In America, for example, one injection costs the US $ 100 (almost Rp. 1 million).