What are birth control pills? Birth control pills are contraceptives to prevent pregnancy by swallowing regularly. Currently, many types of birth control pills contain two types of hormones at shallow levels, so-called low dose combined oral contraceptives. So, which kind of birth control pill can you use?
Types of birth control pills
There are two types of birth control pills, some brands have 28 pill packs, which consist of 21 active capsules containing hormones followed by seven different color pills that do not contain hormones as a reminder to make it easy to remember when swallowing it. Other packages only consist of 21 active pills, without supplementary pills.
In general, there are two types of birth control pills on the market, namely mini pills (birth control pills that only contain progestins) and combination birth control pills.
Progestin doses in mini tablets are generally lower than the progestins found in combination of birth control pills, but there are also higher progestin-containing mini pills. This type of birth control pill is useful for thickening the cervical mucus, preventing ovulation, and thinning the uterine lining. All the medicines are active pills that contain the progestin hormone.
2. Combination birth control pills
The way these pill works is to inhibit ovulation by preventing the ovaries (ovaries) from releasing eggs, thickening the cervical mucus to impede sperm, and thinning the lining of the uterus to prevent the embryo from being implanted in the event of fertilization.
This pill consists of most active pills which contain estrogen and progestin hormones, and some pills are inactive or which do not contain hormones.
How do birth control pills work?
Various types of birth control pills are intended to prevent pregnancy by:
• Excludes ovulation (removal of eggs from the ovary).
• Thicken the cervical mucus so that sperm is difficult to enter the uterus. Please note that birth control pills do not abort the pregnancy that has occurred.
How is the effectiveness?
When used correctly and regularly, the failure is very small, namely 0.1 pregnancy in 100 women who use the/ first year of use (1: 1000). In daily use due to human error (forget), the failure can be 6-8 pregnancies / 100 women wearers/year of use. The most common mistake is to forget to take a pill or late to start a new package.
Benefits of Type of Pill
• Very effective when used properly.
• Does not reduce the comfort of a husband and wife relationship.
• Menstruation becomes regular, less and shorter in time, also reduces menstrual pain.
• Can be used as long as desired, do not have to rest first.
• Can be used by all women of reproductive age.
• Can be used by women who have never been pregnant.
• Can be stopped using easily anytime.
• Fertility returns soon after the use of birth control pills is stopped.
• Can be used as emergency contraception after unprotected marital relations.
• Can prevent anemia due to iron deficiency.
• Helps prevent the occurrence of:
o pregnancy outside the womb.
o ovarian cysts.
o endometrial cancer.
o Benign breast tumors.
o pelvic inflammatory disease.
o ovarian cancer.
Side Effects of Birth Control Pills
• Nausea (especially the first three months).
• Bleeding between periods (more frequent spotting bleeding), especially if you forget to take pills or swallow birth control pills too late.
• Mild headache.
• Breast pain.
• Increase weight a little.
• There is no menstruation.
Who Can Use Birth Control Pills?
In general, most women can use birth control pills as a method of contraception safely and effectively, even though they:
• Not having children
• Fat or thin
•> 35 years old, no smoking
• Smoking but <35 years old
• Immediately after a miscarriage
Also, women in the conditions below can generally use the type of birth control pill:
• There is a lot of menstruation and pain.
• Anemia of iron deficiency.
• Irregular menstrual cycle.
• Benign breast tumors.
• Diabetes without blood vessel abnormalities.
• pelvic inflammatory disease.
• thyroid disease (mumps).
• uterine myoma.
• TB (except in treatment with rifampicin).
When can birth control pills be consumed?
1. Birth control pills can be used at any time as long as you are sure you are not pregnant.
2. During Menstruation.
• It is the best time to start taking birth control pills.
• Can be started at any time in the first seven days of menstruation, at best the first day.
• If it starts at the time of menstruation it has stopped, recommend the use of condoms or spermicide for the early 7 days of swallowing pills (double prevention).
• If the mother has stopped breastfeeding or 6 months after giving birth (whichever comes first).
• If the mother is not breastfeeding, 3-6 weeks after copying.
• If you have> 42 days (6 weeks) after copying and not breastfeeding, make sure that he is not pregnant.
4. After a miscarriage
• Starting in the first 7 days of miscarriage.
• Every time you are sure you are not pregnant and have many family planning (condoms or spermicides) for the first 7 days.
5. Immediately after stopping from another birth control method.
How to use birth control pills
Birth control pills are swallowed every day on a regular basis, it is recommended that you take pills at night (before going to bed, at dinner). If one type of active birth control pill forgets, swallow it immediately after remembering, take a pill that should be used to swallow pills. New packaging must always be available after the previous packaging pill has run out
PIL KB for nursing mothers
There is only 1 type of birth control pill that is made for nursing mothers, namely mini-pill (progesteron only) because it does not contain estrogen. This pill has an effect like a KB injection because it does not contain estrogen, so it does not interfere with lactation in both the quality and quantity of breast milk (mother’s milk). Trade names available in Indonesia: Excluton