The Elephantine Papyri. Robert Hutto. Through the nineteenth century and into the beginning of the twentieth, a collection of papyri was found at and around a. The Elephantine papyri are written in Aramaic, the lingua franca of the Persian period from Asia Minor to Arabia and Upper. Egypt. In vocabulary, phraseology. One of the oldest collections of Jewish manuscripts, dating from the fifth century BCE, the Elephantine papyri were written by the Jewish community at.

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Elephantine Papyri – Ancient Near East

The Elephantine Papyri is the collective name commonly given to several archives of documents belonging to members of a Jewish garrison community which inhabited the island of Elephantine ancient Yebnear Aswan in Egypt, between and BCE. This unique Jewish community possessed its own temple to Yahweh on the island, apparently functioning alongside the long-established cult shrine of the local ram-headed deity Khnum.


The first modern indications as to the existence of this community were revealed in papyri bought by Giovanni Belzoni. An assortment of other texts elephajtine ostraka were therafter acquired by Greville Chester in the s, and by Charles Edwin Wilbour, W.

Official excavation of the island commenced inproviding an elephantkne context for the fascinating details of daily life revealed in the archives. A very defective strip of papyrus with writing on both sides.

Sachau, 6; Ungnad, 6; Cowley, The welfare of my brothers may God [seek at all times]. So do you count fou[rteen days of the month of Nisan and] obs[erve the passover ], and from the 15th to the 21st day of [Nisan observe the festival of unleavened bread].

The Elephantine Papyri

Be ritually clean and take heed. For seven days it shall not be seen among you.

Do not br]ing it into your dwellings but seal it up between pzpyri date[s. By order of King Darius. To] my brethren Yedoniah and the Jewish garrison, your brother Hanani[ah].


Princeton University Press,pp. The Archives from Elephantine: University of California Press, Porten, Bezalel with J. The Elephantine Papyrri in English: Your email address will not be published. Oxford University Press, Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.