El Carnero has 47 ratings and 2 reviews. Cwpper said: Interesante por momentos, aburrida de muerte en ocasiones, la crónica de Juan Rodríguez Freyle refi. Juan Rodríguez Freyle lived in Guasca, Cundinamarca, close to sacred Lake Guatavita. El Carnero was mentioned in the historical literature for the first time in . Nombre, Juan Rodríguez Freyle Su gran obra, El Carnero, dividido en 21 capítulos y dos anexos, se considera un libro original e insólito para su tiempo, que.

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His major work El Carnero is a collection of stories, anecdotes and rumours about the early days of colonial Colombia and the demise of the Muisca Confederation.

El Carnero

It is one of the most important sources for the sixteenth century colonial period of present-day Colombia. El Carnero was mentioned in the historical literature for the first time in and not fully published until El Carnero “The Sheep” is regarded as the most important source for the historical events in the early colonial times of what later would become Colombia.

Historical writers frequently relied upon recourses from literary models to invest their accounts with a more expressive language. Historians were free to speculate about people and occurrences; their narratives thus reflect frequent turns toward an imaginative, inventive depiction of the American scene. It also describes the indigenous peoples that inhabited the region d Tafur took the surname of his mother. He took part in the expeditions of conquest of the Chitarero, Motilon, U’wa and Lache peoples led by Nikolaus Federmann.

The zipa used to rodriuez his body in gold dust, and from his raft, he offered treasures to the Guatavita goddess in the middle of the sacred lake. This old Muisca tradition became the origin of the legend of El Dorado. The legends surrounding Frdyle Dorado changed over time, as it went from being a man, to a city, to a kingdom, and then finally to an empire. He married three times, twice with Muisca women, and fodriguez one daughter, Francisca, and a son, Diego.

The nationalities listed refer to the state the conquistador was born into; Granada and Castile are currently part of Spain, but were separate states at the time of birth of the early conquistadors. Tundama, whom he killed with a large hammer in late December The conquest expedition led by De Quesada followed its course south on the right bank east from Tamalameque where the river curves west to Barrancabermeja ascending towards Muisca territory The Spanish conquest of the Muisca took place from to The Muisca were the inhabitants of the central Andean highlands of Colombia before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.

The leaders of the Confederation at the time of conquest were zipa Tisquesusa, zaque Quemuenchatocha, iraca Sugamuxi and Freyel in the northernmost portion of their territories. The Muisca were organised in small communities of circular enclosures ca in their language Muysccubbun; literally “language of the pe Colombian literature, as an expression of the culture of Colombia, is heterogeneous due to the coexistence of Spanish, African and Native American heritages in an extremely diverse geography.

Five distinct historical and cultural traditions can be identified, with their own socioeconomic history: Colombian intellectuals who forged the literature roddiguez this period also contributed decisively to the consolidation of Latin American literature. His major work El Carnero is a collection of stories, anecdotes and rumours about the early days of colonial Colombia and the demise of the Muisca Confederation Under th Colombia shares a border to the northwest with Panama, to the east with Venezuela and Brazil and to the south with Ecuador and Peru.

Colombia has been inhabited by various indigenous peoples since 12, BCE, including the Muisca, Quimbaya, and the Tairona. Independence from Spain was achieved inbut by the “Gran Colombia” Federation was dissolved, His date of death is uncertain; in late or The following is a list of conquistadors. Del Freye was awarded the encomienda mayoralty of Cucaita, close to Tunja, for his efforts as a soldier. The Muisca Confederation was a loose confederation of different Muisca rulers zaques, zipas, iraca and tundama in the central Andean highlands of present-day Colombia before the Spanish conquest of northern South America.


This article presents juann of the literary events and publications in Events January 3 — Joost van den Vondel’s historical play Gijsbrecht van Aemstel is first performed, to mark the opening of the Schouwburg of Van Campen, Amsterdam’s first public theatre postponed from 26 December It is then performed annually in the city on New Year’s Day until May — English poet John Milton sets out for a tour of the European continent.

He spends the summer in Florence[1] where he later claims to have met the incarcerated Galileo. This list contains Muisca and pre-Muisca scholars; researchers, historians, archaeologists, anthropologists and other investigators who have contributed to the current knowledge of the Muisca and their ancestors of the prehistory of the Altiplano Cundiboyacense and of the preceramic and ceramic Herrera Periods.

Other than the Mesoamericanists and scholars of the Incas, Muisca scholars are not too abundant. Most roeriguez the early Muisca knowledge comes from the Spanish conquistadores and missionaries working in the Americas.

Juan Rodríguez Freyle – Wikipedia

Broadbent 20th Agriculture Investigaciones arq This article lists people who have been featured on the postage stamps of Colombia and its states. Note that many of these people have been featured on multiple stamps. The following entries list the name of the person, the year they were first featured on a stamp, and a short description of their notability. The states of Cundinamarca, Santander, and Tolima did not honor any persons on their stamps. The following states did honor persons on their stamps: Antioquia, Bolivar, Boyaca This list is complete through He served as chief from to his death.

De Torres y Moyachoque was a mestizo; the child of a Spanish conquistador and a Muisca mother. He is known for his defense of the local Muisca and resistance against the Spanish encomenderos, particularly his half-brother Pedro de Torres. De Torres y Moyachoque traveled twice to Spain, first in and the second journey in the s, where he presented complaints about the mistreatment of the Muisca by the Spanish colonisers to the Spanish King Felipe II.

After this travel, he stayed, married and died in Madrid on April 4, Robledo returned to the New Kingdom of Granada with his spouse and many relatives. With the unnamed woman, Galeano had one daughter; Marina, or Martina, Galeano, who became an encomendera. He settled in Tunja, formerly called Hunza, as seat of the zaque. As second in command under his brother, in the previous years zipas Tisquesusa and Sagipa and Tundama of Duitama had suffered a similar fate.

He was captain of the brigs which sailed up the Magdalena River from the Caribbean coast in and later discovered the high quality salt that lead the Spanish conquistadors along the Camino de la Sal up the slopes of the eastern ranges of the Colombian Andes towards the Muisca Confederation. The Battle of Tocarema Spanish: The victory of the Spanish colonial powers over the Panche did not completely put down the resistance by the indigenous peoples from the western parts of Cundinamarca.

He is known as the co-founder and first governor of Pamplona in the Norte de Santander department of Colombia, which borders Venezuela. He married there, was mayor of the city in ,[3] and left in He left the Caribbean island for Cartagena de Indias, the city he helped founding with Pedro de Heredia in He was a teacher, historian, poet and astronomer, best known for writing a grammar of the Castilian language.

His grammar is often credited as the first published grammar of a Romance language and set the standard for subsequent modern Spanish language grammars. In typical Renaissance humanist fashion, he latinized his name as Aelius Antonius Nebrissensis by taking Aelius from the Roman inscriptions of his native Lebrija, the Roman Nebrissa Veneria. He also signed his books as Antonius Lebrixen and Antonius Nebrissen Biography Antonio de Nebrija teaching.


He was born in the former Nebrissa Veneria, known t He was a Spanish conquistador who participated in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca and the Chimila peoples. Under the command of de Lerma’s nephew, Pedro de Lerma, de Lebrija participated in the conquest of the Chimila people in the Valle de Upar He had one brother and one sister: He married Mencia de Figueroa y Godoy in and the couple had four children: Luis Lanchero, also known as Luis Lancheros?

Muzo was founded after twenty years of unsuccessful attempts to subjugate the Muzo to Spanish rule. Lanchero arrived in the New World in and died impoverished in Tunja in Biography Early career Luis Lanchero participated in the Sack of Rome in Muzo, founded by Lanchero, is world-famous for its production of emeralds Luis Lanchero was born in Castile in a noble family.

As a young man he was employed in the guard of Spanish king Carlos V, in which role he participated in the Sack of Rome in With her Venegas Carrillo had four children: The New Kingdom of Granada Spanish: Nuevo Reino de Granadaor Kingdom of the New Granada, was the name given to a group of 16th-century Spanish colonial provinces in northern South America governed by the president of the Audiencia of Santa Fe, an area corresponding mainly to modern-day Colombia, Panama and Venezuela.

The conquistadors originally organized it as a captaincy general within the Viceroyalty of Peru. The crown established the audiencia in Ultimately the kingdom became part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada first in and permanently in After several attempts to set up independent states in the s, the kingdom and the viceroyalty ceased to exist altogether in with the establishment of Gran Colombia.

He had a brother named Juan Martin Camacho Sabidos. He explored the northern part of South America. As a well-educated lawyer he was one of the intellectuals of the Spanish conquest.

He acrnero an effective organizer and leader, designed the first legislation huan the government of the area, and was its historian. After he undertook explorations toward the east, searching for the elusive El Dorado, but returned to New Granada in He has been suggested as a possible model for Cervantes’ Don Quixote.

From there he was called to fill the position of prosecutor and judge Accounting Council of Castile inwould leave Spain in March and landholders as president of the New Kingdom in Santa Fe in early Early Actions His first actions were aimed at reorganizing the Royal Court and try He searched for El Dorado, returned to Spain, was sent back to the new world, helped consolidate newly conquered Peru for Spain, retired to his fiefdom to raise a family, and lived to a ripe old age.

He arrived from Spain in Santa Marta in In he was sent to Peru, where he assisted the troops of Pedro de la Gasca and Gonzal In it had an estimated population ofinhabitants. Tunja is an important educational centre of well-known universities.

The city hosts the most remaining Muisca architecture: His zaque counterpart in the northern area of the Muisca was Quemuenchatocha. At the start of his reign, Tisquesusa fought against the Panche in the west of the Muisca Confederation.

The brother of Tisquesusa and later -according to Muisca heritage rule illegal- successor Sagipa was the general in the southern Muisca army.