Colon Cancer Symptoms and Causes

As the last channel of food digestion, the intestine has the potential to get cancer from the food we consume. There are five stages with their respective properties and the magnitude of the probability of survival is getting smaller for patients.

Symptoms

Tired, shortness of breath when working, and head feels dizzy.
Rectal bleeding, a feeling of fullness is temporary, or stomach cramps and pressure in the rectum.
The behavior of blood in the stool, such as occurs in people with gastric bleeding, intestinal polyps, or hemorrhoids.
Pale, sick in general, malnutrition, weakness, thinness, fluid occurs in the abdominal cavity, enlargement of the liver, and dilation of the lymphatic ducts.
Cause

Contact with certain chemicals such as heavy metals, toxins, and ototoxins and electromagnetic waves.
Poor diet, including too much meat and fat that is not balanced with fresh fruits and vegetables that contain lots of fiber.
Excess iron is found in bile pigments, beef and mutton, and blood transfusions.
Saturated fats and omega-6 fatty acids (linol acid).
Alcoholic beverages, especially beer. The intestine converts alcohol to acetylaldehyde which increases the risk of developing colon cancer.
Obesity.
Work while sitting all day, such as executives, administrative employees, or public vehicle drivers.
Medical check up

Fiber-optic colonoscopy
Insert a type of pipe made of optical fibers into the intestine through the anus (rectum). The camera on the device can be used to check whether there is a polyp or not in the intestine.
CT Scan
Blood test
Determine the CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) tumor marker in the blood.
Care

Chemotherapy
Radiation
Operation
Cutting the diseased large intestine, and reconnecting the two ends of the healthy large intestine.

Laparoscopic technique
Through several small holes made in several points in the stomach. Operations are carried out with small devices operated through the holes and monitored through the monitor screen.

Prevention

Eat lots of fibrous foods. To facilitate defecation and reduce the degree of acidity, the concentration of fatty acids, bile acids, and iron in the large intestine.
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are regularly found in certain fish.
A concentration of calcium, vitamins A, C, D, and E and beta-carotene.
Milk containing Lactobacillus acidophilus.
Exercising and moving a lot makes it easier and more regular to defecate.
Life relaxes and reduce stress.
Early detection
As well as early exposure of cervical cancer using Pap smear or for breast cancer using mammography, even colon cancer can be detected early.

Early detection of colon cancer is recommended for those who have turned 50 years old. But for those who have a family history of having ovarian, colon and lung cancer, it is recommended to do early detection before the age of 50 years.

Colon cancer is considered a disease that travels slowly. Therefore the community is recommended to do early detection through blood tests in the stool and colonoscopy.

“We recommend that early detection be done at the age of 40 for those who do have a history of the three types of cancer in their families,” said Dr. Aru W Sudoyo, consultant hematologist and medical oncologist from Cipto Mangunkusumo FKUI / RSUPN to Media Indonesia last week in his office.

Especially for those who have experienced symptoms, such as bleeding during bowel movements and closed intestinal pathways or blockages, “continued Aru, early detection is highly recommended.

According to Aru, several procedures for early detection of colon cancer include:

A digital rectal examination by a doctor if someone reaches the age of 50 years. The examination is also to determine the presence of abnormalities in the prostate.

After that, a laboratory examination is carried out, which is a periodic examination of occult blood, whether there is blood in the stool or not. Then visually inspect the endoscope in the colon or called a colonoscopy. Examination of colonoscopy or intestinal binoculars is recommended to be done immediately for those who have reached the age of 50 years.

Colonoscopy is relatively safe, not dangerous, but this examination is not pleasant. A colonoscopy is performed to find colorectal cancer while getting a tissue to be examined in a pathology laboratory. On this examination, a fiberoptic endoscopic device is needed for colonoscopy examination. The device can see along the large intestine, take pictures, as well as tumor biopsy if found.

Another way to support the diagnosis of colon cancer is with a barium enema. On barium enema examination, barium liquid material is inserted into the large intestine through the anus and the silhouette (shadow) is taken with an x-ray device. On this examination it can only be seen that there is an abnormality, maybe a tumor, and if there is a need to be followed by a colonoscopy examination.

This examination can also detect cancer and polyps
whose size exceeds one centimeter. The disadvantage is that a biopsy cannot be performed at this examination.

With colonoscopy, abnormalities can be seen based on macroscopic features. If there is no protrusion or ulcer, a colonoscopy observation is aimed at color abnormalities, surface shape, and the picture of blood vessels. Aru said that early detection of colon cancer is expected to be immediately treated or treated. Some therapies, such as chemotherapy and radiation can be done to treat colon cancer.

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