Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Pp. ($ ). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By Alexander Gerschenkron. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

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Understanding Economic Backwardness His present reputation comes instead from his histoircal to European economic history. Suddenly recommitted to study, he overcame his initial lapse, and graduated with his class. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. He married, had a child and took a position representing a Belgian motorcycle firm in Vienna.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The finished Gulick book, Austria from Habsburg to Hitlera two-volume work, published in Historica The essay deals with “economic backwardness”, and argued that the more backward an economy is at the outset of economic development, the more likely certain conditions are to occur. The collection of essays under review, which opens with the backwardness thesis and closes with appendices on industrial development in Italy and Bulgaria with reflections on Soviet literature along the way — has achieved a hallowed acceptance.

For those who went on in the field more seriously, the regular evening seminar became the focus. In other parts of the world, and in a later time period, larger amendments are frequently required, and sometimes forgotten by current advocates.

Pantheon, his grandson, gerschenkrob know much more about his life than we had previously. In Germany, the key innovation would be the formation of large banks to provide access to needed capital for industrialization, even as greater Russian backwardness required a larger and more direct state compensatory role.


Alexander Gerschenkron

But he was the best scholar I have known. But the very effort to construct an explicit, and testable, model is what differentiates him from his contemporaries. Success was indicated by proportionally more rapid growth in later developers, signaled by a decisive spurt in industrial expansion. With AIDS spreading rapidly throughout Africa, with malaria and other diseases recurring, with environmental degradation threatening, with a demographic transition that will begin to exert the pressure of an aging population, there is no lack of additional new problems that are pressing.

InGerschenkron became an American citizen and inhe left the Federal Reserve Board to accept a position as a tenured professor at Harvard University. At least Berkeley provided a place for him to return, as he did in September For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one.

In this study, he constructed a series of dollar indexes of Soviet industrial output for the purpose of proving the deficiencies of the official Soviet index during that time It also worked in favor to a major part of the German peasantry. Born in Odessathen part of the Russian EmpireGerschenkron fled the country during the Russian Civil War in to Austriawhere he attended the University of Viennaearning a doctorate in The central notion is the positive role of relative economic backwardness in inducing systematic substitution for supposed prerequisites for industrial growth.


The considerable appeal of the Gerschenkron model derives not only from its logical and consistent ordering of the nineteenth- and early-twentieth-century European experience. After all the discussion of major changes supposedly required in the system of international financial flows in the past few years, little has, in fact, happened.

He showed that the high rate of growth of Soviet industrial production was an effect of index number bias: While he did explicitly treat Austria as a failed case, it was not a central part of his theoretical structure.

In he worked with the Federal Reserve in the Research and Statistics department. But those years were not a happy terminus to his long stay at Harvard.

That challenge was overcome, months later when he easily gained admission.

Sign In Forgot password? He believes the Germans should include this program of the agricultural adjustment plan in the peace treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency. It predicts that the more “economically backward” a country is, the more we will see:.

Alexander Gerschenkron – Wikipedia

Email alerts New issue alert. In other words, expenditure patterns change in response to changes in relative prices because consumers switch their expenditure towards relatively cheap products.

There he rapidly learned German, as well as Latin, enabling him to attempt to pass the entrance examination for secondary school within seven months.