Can children get cancer? Children can get cancer, but cancer in children is not common. In developed countries with more complete statistical data, each year cancer occurs at 120-160 through 1,000,000 children under the age of 15 years. Approximately, one in every 300-500 people will get cancer before reaching the age of 20 years.
Why do children get cancer?
For most cancers, the answer to this question is still uncertain. Of every child who has cancer, it’s almost impossible to know why he has cancer.
From a statistical standpoint, we found that cancer in children can be associated with genetic defects, chromosomal aberrations, immune deficiencies, infections such as Epstein-Barr virus, Hepatitis B virus and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection, exposure to radiation rays, the treatment that is immune-suppressing, or even due to anti-cancer treatment.
Conversely, there is NO evidence or lack of evidence that the following are related to cancer in children: the mother’s diet during pregnancy, injections of vitamin K given to newborns, vaccinations, electromagnetic fields, or electrical cables near the place stay.
Is cancer in children similar to cancer in adults?
No, cancer in children is different (see below). Still for cancers of the same type, the biological properties and response to treatment are very different between children and adults. In general, the results of cancer treatment in children are better than in adults. Accordingly, it is not suitable to apply what is known about cancer in adults in children.
What investigation is needed?
Investigations are needed to (a) ascertain the diagnosis and classify the type of cancer, and (b) determine the stage of the disease. The results are important for determining the most appropriate treatment for the child. In addition to physical evaluation, the child will undergo blood and urine tests, research through scanning and shooting (imaging), and a portion of tumor tissue will be taken for microscopic examination (pathology diagnosis). Some children may further need a bone marrow biopsy.
How to treat cancer in children?
After the diagnosis is confirmed and the cancer is known to the class and stage, the doctor will determine the best treatment or combination of treatments for the child. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other biological elements.
Can children withstand treatment?
The answer is “yes”, but they need good supporting treatment. Cancer treatment in children involves complications, both sudden and delayed. Some of these complications, such as bleeding and infection, can be dangerous. Children with cancer must be treated as a special treatment center, with an experienced medical team and complete facilities.
What are the results of treatment?
The results of anti-cancer treatment in children depend on the main disease and severity. Overall, 70-75% of children diagnosed with cancer today are expected to survive long (and cured), if they are treated with contemporary protocols by experienced medical teams with good support facilities.