Stroke is a situation in which brain cells are damaged because they don’t get enough oxygen and nutrients. Brain cells must always get enough oxygen and nutrients to stay alive and be able to carry out their functions properly. Oxygen and nutrients are carried by blood flowing in the blood vessels that lead to brain cells. If for some reason this blood flow or supply of oxygen and nutrients is blocked for only a few minutes, a stroke can occur. The inhibition of oxygen flow to brain cells for just 3 or 4 minutes has begun to cause damage to brain cells. The longer this inhibition occurs, the effect will be more severe and more difficult to restore so that quick action in anticipating and overcoming a stroke greatly determines the recovery and health recovery of stroke patients.
There are two types of stroke. The first type, called ischemic stroke, is a type of stroke that is more common. Ischemic strokes happen when blood flow to the brain is obstructed. Atherosclerosis, a condition where stiffness and constriction of blood vessels occur due to an accumulation of fatty matters in the walls of blood vessels, is one of the main causes of ischemic stroke. Narrowing of blood vessels to brain cells causes blood flow and supply of nutrients to the brain to decrease. Besides, deposits of these fatty substances can be released in the form of small clots that can one day clog blood flow to the brain, so that brain cells lack oxygen and nutrients.
The second type is declared hemorrhagic stroke, which is a stroke caused by a rupture of a blood vessel in the brain, creating bleeding in the brain. Haemorrhagic strokes generally occur because of too high blood pressure. Nearly 70 percent of cases of hemorrhagic stroke occur in people with hypertension (high blood pressure). Hypertension causes greater pressure on the walls of blood vessels so that the walls of blood vessels become weak and blood vessels are vulnerable to rupture. However, hemorrhagic strokes can also occur in non-hypertensive patients. In cases like this, blood vessels usually break because of a sudden surge in blood pressure due to a specific reason, for example, due to food or emotional factors.
The rupture of a blood vessel somewhere in the brain can cause brain cells that are supposed to get a supply of oxygen and nutrients carried through the blood vessels to become nutrient deficient and eventually die. Blood spurted from broken blood vessels can also damage brain cells around it. Although it occurs less frequently than ischemic stroke, only 20 percent of stroke cases arise, but hemorrhagic stroke is more severe than the risk of ischemic stroke.
Can heredity cause stroke? Health experts believe, there is a relationship between the risk of stroke with heredity, although not directly. In families with many members suffering from strokes, awareness of factors that can cause strokes should be increased. However, stroke is not a hereditary disease. The number of stroke cases in your family may be due to dietary factors, lifestyle, and characteristics that are almost the same. Coconut milk as long as it is not excessive is actually not dangerous. However, if you eat fatty foods every day, especially animal fat in excessive amounts, let alone eat fewer vegetables and fresh fruits, it will undoubtedly increase the risk of stroke. Angry, panic, and stress, especially smokers, lack of exercise, excess weight and lack of sleep will increase your chances of having a stroke.
What should be done to avoid strokes? From what was described earlier, it can be understood that hypertension (high blood pressure) and atherosclerosis (blockage/stiffening of blood vessels due to an accumulation of fatty substances including cholesterol in the walls of blood vessels) are the two main factors that can cause strokes. Therefore all factors that can increase your risk of suffering from hypertension or atherosclerosis should be avoided to prevent or avoid strokes.
Fatty foods, lack of exercise, obesity (obesity), smoking, and stress are things that can increase the risk of stroke. Therefore multiply eating vegetables, fresh fruits, and fibrous foods. Regular exercise, such as morning jogging and swimming, will reduce the risk of stroke. Keep your weight around ideal body weight. If you are a smoker or drink alcohol, immediately stop the bad habit. Smoking or drinking alcohol will increase the risk of stroke by 200 percent. Working and enjoying life casually is also very important to avoid strokes.
Stress will increase levels of free radicals in your body, which can damage vital tissues and organs.
If you feel your diet, exercise and lifestyle are not ideal, what’s more, if you suffer from obesity (obesity), hypertension, atherosclerosis or high cholesterol levels, you can take food supplements that contain antioxidants. Antioxidants can reduce levels of free radicals in the body, which can reduce the risk of stroke. Nowadays, there are so many food supplements that contain antioxidants, choose those that are registered with BPOM (Food and Drug Supervisory Agency) and are recommended by doctors or pharmacists.
Even so, you also need to know that actually these antioxidants are found in many daily foods, for example in vegetables and fresh fruits. If you always eat healthy food with a balanced pattern, it is likely that your antioxidant needs are fulfilled. But there is no harm in also you take antioxidant supplements as long as they are not excessive. However, you must understand that consuming antioxidant supplements will not be enough to prevent stroke if you do not try to maintain a healthy diet, exercise, and lifestyle as described earlier.